Toyota 2000GT

Inside the Toyota Automobile Museum: Part 2

The Toyota Automobile Museum in Nagoya, Japan, is considered to be one of the world’s finest automotive museums. Featuring important cars from Toyota and many more of the world’s most respected car marques, its collection spans more than a century of motoring.

In January, popular Australian motoring website Downshift paid a visit to the Toyota museum with Toyota Australia.

In the second of two posts, we look at some of the Toyota cars that the Downshift team photographed whilst inside the museum and reveal little known facts about the those vehicles contained in each image.

We extend our thanks to Downshift for allowing us to share the stunning pictures with you.

Learn more: Inside the Toyota Automobile Museum – Part 1

Toyota 2000 GT (1967-70)

2000 GT

The 2000 GT needs no introduction. Bond car, Endurance racing champion and the only production Toyota car to sell for over $1m at auction – it is credited with making the Western world sit up and take notice of the Japanese car industry and has become one of the most sought-after classic cars on the planet.

Development of the 2000GT was overseen by project leader Shoichi Saito. According to Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC), Saito instructed his team of engineers to “Do whatever it takes” to not only produce the 2000GT, but make it one of, or perhaps even the greatest car in the world.

2000 GT rear

Saito’s vision was realised in 1965 when the 2000GT was unveiled in ‘280-A1’ prototype form at the 1965 Tokyo Motor Show. Two years later, the car went to market. Its svelte body was designed in-house and under the skin sat a 2.0-litre inline six-cylinder dual overhead camshaft engine. The 150bhp unit bestowed a 138mph top speed upon the car and a 0-62mph sprint time of 8.6 seconds.

Mechanically, the car was incredibly sophisticated, employing four-wheel independent suspension with a double wishbone and coil spring layout. Stopping power was provided by all-round disc brakes.

2000gt rearq

Perhaps the most famous element of the 2000 GT was its wheels, which were constructed from lightweight magnesium, contributing to a low vehicle kerbweight of 1,120kg.

By the time production wrapped in 1970, 337 2000 GT models had been produced.

2000gtlfa

Extra geek points

1. The 2000 GT was Japan’s first purpose-built Gran Turismo (GT) car. A GT car is a high-performance car that has the pace of an out-and-out sports car combined with the long distance cruising capabilities of an executive car.

2. The 2000GT appeared in convertible form as James Bond’s vehicle in the 1967 film You Only Live Twice. Contrary to popular belief, the 2000GT was never officially offered as a convertible. The car used in the film was a prototype. Two prototypes were converted into drop-tops because Sean Connery, the actor portraying Bond at the time, was too tall to fit into the standard car.

3. Before its general release, the 2000GT had made quite a name for itself in motorsport. In October 1966, a green and yellow 2000GT took the now defunct Yatabe Test Course in Japan. Running for three days and six hours, the car set 16 FIA world records for speed and endurance. The original car was involved in a car crash and was destroyed by the resulting fire. Pictured below is an exact replica that now resides in the automobile museum.

2000 GT speed trial

2000 GT speed trial interior

2000 GT speed trial pistons

2000GT alloys

Toyota Carina TA12 (1970-77)

Carina TA12

Launched in 1970, the Carina was offered in both four-door saloon and two-door semi-fastback bodystyles. The Carina sat between the Corolla and Camry whilst the chassis and much of its mechanicals were shared with the Celica.

Carina TA12 profile

The Carina TA12 struck a chord with UK buyers, quickly becoming the second best-selling Toyota model in the UK behind the Corolla. Not only was the model infinitely more reliable than its Morris Marina arch-rival, it was sporty too. Models fitted with the 1.6-litre 2T cross-flow engine produced 102bhp, could complete a 0-50mph sprint in 8.8 seconds and had a top speed of 101mph.

Extra geek points

1. The Carina is named after a constellation in the southern sky.

2. The 1.4-litre overhead valve engine offered on entry-level and Deluxe models is one of the few Toyota units that has a single character engine code; it is simply coded ‘T’.

3. All grades had a sub-ton kerbweight.

Carina TA12 distance

Toyota Celica Liftback 2000 GT RA25 (1973-77)

Celica Liftback front-end

The 2+2 Celica Liftback was launched in 1973. Based on the SV-1 concept, which had made its debut at the Tokyo Motor Show two years earlier, the Liftback borrowed design cues from muscle cars such as the Ford Mustang Fastback and the Dodge Charger.

Celica Liftback

Asides from the rakish silouette, one of the most notable design flourishes that the Celica shared with its American rivals were air intakes positioned behind the rear quarterlights.

The 2000 GT model pictured has a 2.0-litre, 145bhp naturally-aspirated dual overhead camshaft engine and features styling inspired by the hallowed aforementioned 2000 GT of the 1960s.

Celica sunglasses

Celica Liftback detail

Extra geek points

1. Including the TA22 coupé, the first-generation Celica was available with a choice of nine engine and six transmission combinations.

2. There is some confusion regarding the correct model code for the first-generation of Celica. To clarify, higher-powered 2000 GT models are coded ‘RA25’ and lower output 1600 GT models are coded ‘TA27’.

3. There were seven consecutive generations of Celica Liftback. Production of the last, the T230 series, ceased in 2006.

Celica Liftback GT 2000

Toyota AW11 MR2 (1984-89)

AW11 MR2 prototype

The idea of an affordable mid-engined Toyota car came to light in 1976 but development of such a vehicle was postponed due to the global oil crisis.

After the world had recovered, development of the mid-engined car restarted, and in 1984 the project was realised with the arrival of the MR2.

Eagle-eyed readers will notice that we have omitted the word ‘sports’ ahead of ‘car’. This is because contrary to popular belief, the MR2 was not originally conceived as an out-and-out sports car but as a rival to the Pontiac Fiero, which at the time was finding favour stateside with young professionals living in the suburbs and working in the city.

Equipped with a 1.6-litre, 4-cylinder dual overhead camshaft engine (code 4-GELU) mated to a choice of a manual or automatic transmission, the MR2 offered 122bhp and a 0-62mph sprint time of 8.2 seconds. Top speed was 124mph – around 20mph more than the Fiero.

The car pictured is not actually an AW11 MR2, but the SV-3 prototype of 1983 upon which the production model was based. Visually, the prototype differs slightly, employing a smoother nose and a cubist alloy wheel design.

Extra geek points

1. For the Japanese domestic market, a lower powered 1.5-litre engine – borrowed from the fifth-generation Corolla – was offered in addition to the 1.6-litre unit offered in export market cars. MR2s fitted with this engine are referred to as ‘AW10’ models.

2. The MR2 was surprisingly practical. It had a designated luggage space at the rear and could be specified with roof bars.

3. The MR2 won the 1984-85 Japan Car of the Year Award.

Learn more: Inside the Toyota Automobile Museum – Part 1

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.