Toyota Corolla generations: 1992-1997

With almost 20 million sales since its introduction in 1966, the Toyota Corolla had reached the status of world’s most popular car. In fact by 1991, the average daily production of Corolla models throughout the globe was around 4,300 units per day.

7th_pic_01

The seventh-generation car was therefore designed to consolidate that position in a number of ways. True to the spirit of kaizen, the new E100 series Corolla displayed quantifiable improvements across all disciplines. It reflected the changing habits of car-buyers with a greater variety of models, and was larger, faster, safer, quieter and more refined than ever before – even being described by its development leader as a mini Lexus.

Read more:
History of the first-generation Corolla
History of the second-generation Corolla
History of the third-generation Corolla
History of the fourth-generation Corolla
History of the fifth-generation Corolla
History of the sixth-generation Corolla
History of the eighth-generation Corolla
History of the ninth-generation Corolla

1992-97 Corolla: development

Continuing his position from the successful outgoing model, development leader Akihiko Saito set a theme of Deep Impression for the new Corolla. He wanted the car’s essential functions and performance to significantly exceed expectations, making a deep impression on those experiencing it.

corolla-7-2-0d-gs-estate

Development progressed around three specific themes: 1) style that is both beautiful to behold and practical to use; 2) evolution of the fundamental driving performance; and 3) a sense of security that satisfies the soul.

In order to create a vehicle that enhanced all aspects of driving, the engine and suspension departments were integrated. Members stayed at the winding Shibetsu City test course in Hokkaido for a total of six months in order for the new car to emulate the handling prowess of European vehicles. In this open, training camp environment, all opinions were welcomed, even from those without direct responsibility.

1992-97 Corolla: design

In terms of design, the new bodywork was more curvaceous than ever before, the panels being deeply moulded toward the two ends.

5.1.2

While emphasising the look of a high-class saloon – the recently introduced Lexus LS 400 being a particular inspiration – many characteristic Corolla cues were retained. These included the large, irregularly shaped headlamps (now polycarbonate rather than glass), horizontal radiator grille, and integrated front bumper.

1992-97 Corolla: UK grade structure

Though introduced in Japan in June 1991, the new Corolla didn’t reach UK roads until 7 August 1992. The launch range consisted of five body styles: three- and five-door hatch, four-door saloon, five-door liftback and estate. Engine choice was limited to either a 1.3- or 1.6-litre petrol engine, while the ascending trim levels were graded XLi, GLi and Executive. Both the XLi grade and five-door hatchback (below) were new to the UK market.

corolla-7-cdx

An economical 2.0-litre diesel engine was added to the range in March 1993, together with a 1.8 GXi three-door model with sporty looks and improved performance.

1992-97 Corolla: Corolla quality

More than 350 components were altered and improved during development of the seventh-generation Corolla.

Galvanised steel was adopted in almost 90% of the bodyshell (a 50% increase over the previous model), while the number of external panels decreased so the design was cleaner in appearance. For instance, the side member panel used to consist of five separate pieces but was now consolidated into just two. This allowed engineers to reduce the number of unsightly welds and narrow the gap between metal panels to five millimetres.

Double-locking waterproof connections were used in the wiring and the terminals were gold-plated to achieve aerospace standards of reliability within the electrical system.

Corolla 7 1.6 Executive interior

Painstaking attention to detail was also lavished on the interior, which aimed to be the quietest in its class. The look and feel of materials was coordinated throughout the cabin, while the increase in overall dimensions (55-100mm in length, 30mm in width and 35mm in wheelbase) was primarily for the benefit of passengers. This was especially noticeable in the back seats, where there was now more foot, leg, head and shoulder room.

Space within the fully carpeted luggage compartments also increased, the revelation being that the saloon actually had the most volume on offer at 420 litres (VDA method). But the liftback and estate variants clawed back some ground for being able to fold the rear bench right up against the front seat backs.

Corolla 7 1.6 GLi Liftback boot

1992-97 Corolla: reduced NVH levels

Body rigidity was significantly improved for this generation, with extensive use of high-tensile steel (38% of the body by weight). Stiffer subframes and suspension mounting points were engineered, as well as more local strengthening measures.

All moving components were isolated from the body with damping mounts. In addition, special foam was inserted to completely fill the hollow between inner and outer body panels to reduce resonance and absorb road noise. Like the recently introduced flagship Lexus LS 400, the new Corolla adopted sandwiched sheets of steel and asphalt in the front bulkhead to absorb noise and vibration. All the better to appreciate the new four-speaker audio system.

1992-97 Corolla: powerful, fuel-efficient engines

The 1331cc 4E-FE engine (below) was ostensibly new to the seventh-generation Corolla but was actually a significant development of the outgoing 2E powerplant. Whereas the previous Corolla engine offered three valves per cylinder and carburettor fuelling, the revised unit offered a total of 16 valves, double overhead camshafts and fuel injection.

Corolla 7 1.3 4E-FE

Power increased from 74 to 87bhp at 6,000rpm with torque raised to 82 lb/ft at 4,800rpm. In five-speed manual form (automatic was a £605 option on some models), 1.3-litre models could accelerate to 60mph in 11.3 seconds and top out at 109mph. Fuel economy was 53.5mpg at a constant 56mph cruise.

The 1.6-litre engine (below) – only available on saloon and liftback models – was the latest development of the venerable 1587cc 4A-FE unit. Dynamically similar to the 1.3-litre engine, its new peak outputs were identically positioned, in this case offering 113bhp at 6,000rpm and 107 lb/ft torque at 4,800rpm.

Corolla 7 1.6 4A-FE

Aided by the liftback’s smoother and more elegant design (Cd 0.30 versus Cd 0.33 of hatch and saloon), 1.6-litre models could accelerate to 60mph in 9.8 seconds. They could also carry on to a top speed of 121mph and sip fuel at a rate of around 50mpg at 56mph.

Both powerplants conformed to future exhaust emissions regulations, and the exhaust systems themselves were constructed from stainless steel and contained three-way catalytic converters.

1992-97 Corolla: the chassis

The larger dimensions of new Corolla meant the MacPherson strut suspension system of past models had to be repositioned and refined. The front suspension was now fixed to the body in four places, while the rear was in six places – a measure that minimised changes in geometry and increased the useful life of the vehicle.

While aiming for predictable responses from the chassis, emphasis was also placed on quick cornering ability and high-speed stability.

corolla-7-1-6-si-3dr

Lateral displacement from crosswinds was almost halved, roll angles were reduced and maximum lateral grip (on a 30m radius corner) increased from 0.7 to almost 0.9 g. Among numerous specific improvements, track widths increased at both ends and rear anti-roll bars were now fitted across all models. Wheel size increased to 14” and ventilated front brake discs were fitted as standard.

1992-97 Corolla: Corolla in Britain

In line with former experiences in the UK market, the new seventh-generation Corolla was predicted to be most popular in hatchback guise, capturing around 40% of total sales. Practical liftback models were next at around 30%, with saloons and estates at 20 and 10% respectively. Within these sales, around 65% were 1.3-litre models.

Corolla 7 2.0 XLD engine

A new diesel model was introduced in March 1993 to tap into the rise of diesel-powered cars, which at that point accounted for some 12-13% of the UK passenger car market. Its 1975cc 2C engine (above and shared with Carina E) was only available in hatchback models and offered 72bhp and up to 67mpg. Taking an average of the official consumption figures, diesel Corollas could now offer a range of 577 miles with this engine.

Corolla 7 1.8 GXi hatch

Also released in March 1993 was a new top-of-the-range GXi model (above) equipped with a 1.8-litre 118bhp 7A-FE engine (below). Limited to the three-door hatchback bodyshell, this new model offered sporting accessories such as side skirts, rear spoiler, wider alloy wheels, ABS and rear disc brakes. But in truth it was only marginally faster than the existing 1.6-litre cars, hitting the benchmark 0-60mph dash in 9.5 seconds and offering a 124mph top speed.

Corolla 7 1.8 GXi engine

September 1994 saw a driver’s airbag become a standard feature on all models. Almost a year later, in August 1995, the range adopted improved equipment levels and a new grade structure consisting of Sportif, GS, CD, Si and CDX. During the final year of availability, Solair and Kudos (below) special editions were introduced to the UK market.

Corolla 7 Kudos

1992-97 Corolla: additional equipment

* Flame retardant treatment of interior parts
* Electric combination meters
* Three-point rear seatbelts
* Projector fog lamps

7th_pic_spec_02

Read more:
History of the first-generation Corolla
History of the second-generation Corolla
History of the third-generation Corolla
History of the fourth-generation Corolla
History of the fifth-generation Corolla
History of the sixth-generation Corolla
History of the eighth-generation Corolla
History of the ninth-generation Corolla

Comments (13)

  1. Simply, my Corolla 1994 1.3 station wagon is a true legend! I have visited Germany at 1998 when I was in highschool and bought it then exported to my country. Been using it as my daily car since then. I’ve been driving other cars beside like Camry, Mercedes E220 and Hyundai Sonata 2.7. None of them was even close to the my Corolla reliability. I’m not even thinking of selling it. I have 396000 km on the odometer without rebuilding the engine yet. Maybe it’s not the best for mountainous roads since I have the 1.3 engine but I never been complaining about it’s coziness and reliability. It’s not a car in my garage, it earned to be a family member:).

  2. I have a 7th Generation Corolla, a 1996 1.6 CDX 5 door Automatic with only 34,000 miles from new! It has been dry stored for all of its life and is totally original. I wonder if the heritage collection would be interested?

    1. Hi Paul,
      Thanks for getting in touch. We are grateful to you for allowing us this opportunity and it is great to hear about the storage of your Corolla, which does sound a mint condition model.
      At present, we are not adding to our heritage collection, but this is a car that may be of interest to the Toyota Enthusiasts Club. They are online and it may be worthwhile getting in touch with them. Here is a link to their website: http://www.toyotaenthusiasts.com/.
      Many thanks.

    1. Hi Tiago,
      Thank you for your comment. The story should be coming out soon. Keep and eye on our blog for updates. Many thanks.

  3. I hate when comments get removed for no reason, put it back, NOW !!!
    It told the truth of 8 years of ownership.

    1. Hi Nico,
      All comments go through an approval process and therefore hadn’t been looked into yet. Your comment is now there as it has been approved.

  4. Really good cars and a great article, relatives to me had a blue 93 liftback, from new, untill 2001, and drove around 70 000 miles in it ( 110 000 kms ) in it, and had no big problems, although towards the end, it started to whistle and whine, as well, being difficult to start, often took 2 cranks to fire up, but apart from that, it was a great car.

  5. Whoa I really have waited for this article! I own 7th gen Corolla since June 1992 brand new and would love to see things like this! Great article. Regards from Indonesia.

  6. Hi, this is all very nice HISTORY, talking about a car up to 19 years old. But why is it posted under the “Auris” subheading and what is the relevance to the latest Auris? More importantly what is being done to take note of and improve the Touch2 with Go Software and Maps embedded in the CURRENT Auris model? My apologies if I’m out of line here but I’m fed up seeing how Toyota did in their good old days where software was probably confined to engine management settings.

    1. Hi Ian,
      Although the Corolla name has disappeared in Europe, the two generations of Toyota Auris that we are familiar with in the UK are known in most other world markets as the tenth and eleventh generation Toyota Corolla. In other words, Auris and Corolla are very closely related indeed.
      As for your Touch 2 with Go query… There are updates that come twice a year and we attempt to solve bug fixes within these updates. We cannot say what will come in the next update and our technical team would advise keeping an eye on the My Toyota portal!
      Hope this helps. Many thanks!

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.